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Newsletter 9 - the N -
Back to basics

Bilingual news and shares about the brain, languages and coaching

If you want to know more about a  brain friendly way to learn, discover, enjoy,  the English or the French language - or other languages - you'll enjoy this !

 

Si vous voulez en savoir plus sur une façon d'apprendre plus agréable pour votre cerveaux, de découvrir, d'apprécier, le français, l'anglais, voire même d'autres langues, vous apprécierez cette newsletter !

Anatomy of the brain

Amazing visual, what this!

The brain is made of 3 parts:

 

  • the cerebrum (learning, memory, interpretation, personality)

  • the cerebellum (movement, balance, coordination)

  • the medula oblongata (breathing and blood pressure)

 

The cerebrum is made up of 2 hemispheres, each made up of 4 parts

 

  • the frontal lobe

  • the temporal lobe (contains hippocampus and amygdala)

  • the parietal lobe

  • the occipital lobe

The limbic system

  • processing and regulating of emotions

  •  the formation and storage of memories, sexual arousal, and learning

  • important element in the body’s response to stress

While scientists don't agree on all the structures that make up the limbic system, the 2 following are agreed on (1 of each in each of the 2 lobes):

The amygdala 

  • emotional responses

  • memory formations

  • response to threats (fight or flight)

 

The hippocampus associated with

  • memory centres of our brains.

  • emotions of the event we memorize

  • learning and emotions

  • neurogenesis – new nerve cells are made here from adult stem cells

If you prefer to read instead of watching a video here's a very intersting (and easy to read) article about the Limbic system : Limbic System: Definition, Parts, Functions, and Location - Simply Psychology

or about the amygdala:The Decision Maker of your Emotional Brain: Introducing the Amygdala — The Behavior Hub

The Prefrontal cortex (PFC)

the cortical region that makes us uniquely human

One of the last brain regions to mature (the brain may be done growing in size, but it does not finish developing and maturing until the mid- to late 20s)!

 

Critically important role in  executive functions: 

 

  • self-control

  • planning

  • decision making

  • problem solvings

“One general model of PFC function is that it receives sensory information about the external world, uses that information to plan responses, and then communicates with other areas of the brain to enact a response”

Here are a couple if articles you might find interesting if you want to find out more about the PFC : 

English: Neuroanatomy, Prefrontal Cortex - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf (nih.gov)

Français:  Définition | Cortex préfrontal | Futura Santé (futura-sciences.com)

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